This is the happiest exercise of faith Ed : Note Law's use of " faith " - simply laying one's hand mechanically accomplished absolutely nothing -- it was merely "going through the motions". It knows, that Christ is called, and comes, and dies, to take His people's guilt. It sees Him ever ready to receive the weight.
With rapid step it ventures near. With eager hand it casts off misery. The unburdened conscience grasps deliverance Ed : But see Heb noteHeb noteHeb note.
Believer, why should you lie in dust, oppressed and crushed by fears? Why are your eyes so dull to see heart-ease? Christ calls, Give Me your every sin—transmit the whole mass of it to Me!
I will remove it, so that God no more shall find it. Wrong not your soul—obey. There is no peace, while sin-distress weighs down. There is all peace, when the huge mountains of sin sink. The sting extracted leaves no pain. The victim is then slain. Here is the wondrous fact, which is the light of types, and rites, and prophecies, and solemn texts. Here is the brightest sunshine of the Bible-page. Death is denounced, as the desert of sin 1Cor But, through amazing grace, it falls on Christ!
He gives His life to the avenging stroke. Each blood-besprinkled altar preached a peace thus bought. It told of sin-satisfying agony, and reconciling blood, and an accepted surety. It showed the price all paid—the wrath removed—the curse endured—the flock all free Gal Reader, you often hear and read this blessed truth. Say, is this peace-procuring work the perfect rest of your reposing soul?
Do you sit down beneath the cross and sing, 'The enmity died there? Shall lay his hand on the head of his offering Lev8, 13 - Spurgeon sees this act of the offerer laying his hands on the sacrificial animal as symbolic of confession, acceptance, transference, and identification See Spurgeon's discussion in Leviticus 1 Notes.
Sprinkle the blood around on the altar Lev,8, 13, Lev,19, 24, 30,Oh Lord - Leviticus (3) - The Best Of Leviticus (CD), 18,Nu2Ki2ChrEzek - When Moses ratified the Old Covenant he sprinkled half the blood on the people and the other half on the altar Ex Blood was sprinkled around the altar at Aaron and his son's induction into the priesthood Ex Leviticus 'From the sacrifice of the peace offerings he shall present an offering by fire to the LORD, the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails, fat : or, suet, Lev ,9 ,4 Ex ,22 Dt Ps Pr Isa Ezek Mt Ro To the LORD x in 92v - Lev9, 13f, 17; ff, 8ff, 14, 16;5f, 9, 11, 14;31, 35; f, 15;15, 18, 20ff;11, 14, 20f, 25, 29f, 35, 38;28; ff, 9;21, 24; ;15, 18, 21f, 24, 27, 29;6, 8, 12f, 16ff, 20, 25, 27, 34, 36ff, 41; ;4;9, 11, 14, 16, 21ff, 26, 28, 30, 32.
Criswell on fat - The "fat" of the animal was looked upon as being the choicest part; hence, it belonged to God cf. The separable fatty portions included: 1 the net of fat which stretched from the stomach and enveloped the bowels; 2 the fat attached to the viscera, which could easily be peeled off; 3 the two kidneys and the fat upon them; and 4 the net of fat covering the liver.
If the peace offering was of the sheep, a fifth portion included the fat tail vv. Believer's Study Bible. Henry Law - The slaughtered animal was then divided. The best—the choicest of the parts, were placed upon the burning altar.
Devouring flames preyed on them. Another portion was the priest's own due. The rest supplied the offerer with food. Here is a wondrous feast! Three parties are regaled. O my soul, you too are called. The Gospel-banquet has an open door. Each hungry soul may find a welcome seat.
God claims His share. All, which seems rich and precious, is first brought to Him. The holy fire reduces it to dust. It is the fuel of the raging blaze. Thus Jesus meets the fierceness of Jehovah's wrath. Thus every attribute is as filled as an overflowing cup. Justice exacts its dues. Anger, and righteous vengeance, and pledged truth have large demands. But are they not content, when they have reveled at this costly table? God's name is honored in a God-man slain!
Reader, in faith place Christ between God and your sins, and then, live, rejoice, work, die in the sweet knowledge, that God's scales are full. Provision is then made for those who ministered.
The altar-servant never lacks. They, who leave all for God, have all in God. Zeal in Oh Lord - Leviticus (3) - The Best Of Leviticus (CD) cause is richest gain. The Lord is never debtor unto man. Strength spent for Him is strength recruited with the best supplies.
Toil in His vineyard is the wealth of wealth. His service is a golden mine. It is a field, where harvests always wave. Each happy workman finds his wages in his work. But mark what constitutes the priestly food. It is part of the self-same victim, in which God delights. The dying Jesus regales heaven. The dying Jesus regales earth. But the refreshment mainly cheers the pastor's heart. Here, then, we clearly learn, that ministers derive their health—their vigor—their success, from the grand truth of peace through Christ.
Those cannot work with zeal—with unction—and with fervent love, who have not tasted this substantial feast. Knowledge of reconciling grace is the grand pulpit-power. It warns the heart. It girds the loins. It arms with courage, which no difficulties check. It brings an energy, which cannot flag. You Ministers, live at this table. Rejoice in the victim, who slays wrath, and opens wide the gates of peace. And then strong in the Lord, and tranquil in His love, go toil, strive, pray, until thronging numbers crowd the banquet-house, where Christ is All.
The offerer then takes his part and eats. Here is a teaching fact. We see the essence of true faith. It finds soul sustenance in Jesus' work. Light in the head will not give Oh Lord - Leviticus (3) - The Best Of Leviticus (CD). Lips may be fluent to depict Christ's praise, while all within is death. The outward handling of truth lulls not the conscience-fears. More is required.
Christ to be peace must be received within. The hungry soul must draw sweet juices from the dying Lamb! Wretched are they, who mourn, and pine, and starve, when such supplies are near! A solemn warning is adjoined. The legally unclean might not partake. Impurity excluded from the table of peace.
Means are provided to cleanse stains. But means neglected, raise exclusion's bar. They are cast out, who seek the wedding with no wedding-robe. Reader, this precept loudly testifies, that none taste peace, who willfully offend. Sin willingly retained must plunge into a troubled sea. Can Israel prosper, while accursed goods are hidden? Can he gain health, who lingers in infected air? Shall he, who sows the whirlwind, reap a calm?
The path of evil leads from peace. The love of evil hides God's smile. But the believer hourly mourns, that sad corruption follows him as his shadow. He loathes iniquity, but still its roots are deep, and constant outbreaks prove its life. His thoughts, his words, his works fly, as vile broods of vipers from a vile nest. May he not venture to the Peace offering feast, while this indwelling evil is his plague? The ordinance foresees the case; and thus provides. Unleavened cakes must fill the offerer's hand.
This leaven is the emblem of the tainting principle. Its presence teaches, that sinners may draw near, although the hated trouble be not dead.
Reader, if you have any light from heaven, you see poor nature's proneness to transgress. While flesh is flesh, its tendencies are base. This malady should not obstruct your way to peace. No, let it prompt you to more vigorous effort. When the wolf prowls, the lambs leave not the fold.
Your restless foe should drive you to the fort of peace. We next are told what special motives prompted the Peace offering. They were two-fold; a sense of gratitude for mercies past, and a desire to bind the heart by vow.
He, who would praise—he, who would vow, thus sought the altar. Here are spiritual dealings, which cannot be performed, until the soul knows peace with God. These are plants, which only bloom in reconciliation's sunshine.
These are barks, which only glide on tranquil waves. Believer, let not this teaching be in vain. There is no moment, when the inner man should not flow forth in boundless streams of praise. Count—but the number baffles thought—count, if you can, the crowning mercies, which fill high your cup. He ever lives, pouring His blessings on your head.
Each binds you to devote your all to His one service. His throne should ever hear your self-surrendering vows. But mark, you cannot praise nor vow apart from peace in Christ. These are the acts of an accepted child. This is free converse with a reconciled Father. Praise only lives, where peace abounds. He only consecrates himself, who fears no wrath. You must draw near in Christ, or you can never serve. When the Peace offering came, as token of thanksgiving, it must be eaten before the morning's light.
When it bore witness to a voluntary vow, the rule was still the same. The feast must be without delay. No remnant on the third day might be touched. Who can hear this, and not discern the tenderness of grace? God would not leave one moment's space between the cross and peace.
The Gospel-cry is, Rejoice, Rejoice. Why tarry? Why linger? Why hesitate? What mean those miserable doubts? Why such trembling and reluctant steps? God spreads a feast of peace, and bids His guests sit down to instant joy! Believer, hasten to obey. Today, this hour, receive the gladness of the offered blessing. There is some lurking pride—some seeds of unbelief in slow acceptance of this gracious boon.
Reader, this offering was ordained "to guide your feet into the way of peace. Is not His kingdom peace above, within, around, forever? The Spirit cries, "Of the increase of His government and peace, there shall be no end.
Hear, and the Lord of Peace Himself will give you peace, always, by all means. Leviticus and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, which is on the loins, and the lobe of the liver, which he shall remove with the kidneys. Leviticus 'Then Aaron's sons shall offer it up in smoke on the altar on the burnt offering, which is on the wood that is on the fire; it is an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the LORD.
Then - always take note of this expression of time as it is a word that indicates something following next after in order of position, narration, or enumeration, and as you might imagine is very important in prophetic writings. Burnt offering 'olah - word study. A soothing aroma is a Hebrew phrase composed of two words " reah-nihoah " and is associated with each of the first three Levitical offerings burnt, grain and peacefor produce a soothing aroma an " odor of rest " - see below to the LORD.
Lev ;, 16, etc. Soothing pleasing aroma - 42x in 42v - Note first use of Noah's sacrifice - Ge ; Ex25, 41; Lev13, 17;9, 12;16; ;21;28; ;18; Num7, 10, 13f, 24; ;6, 8, 13, 24, 27;6, 8, 13, 36; Ezek ; ; In 20 of the 43 uses of nichoach, this noun usually with the sense of an adjective is used with the phrase "burnt offering.
Sadly, we see this word used to describe Israel's offering to idols Ezek noteEzekEzekwhich is in stark contrast with Jehovah's assessment of His rebellious people in Ezek where they are described as a soothing aroma! In Lev God is warning if Israel disobeyed see Lev "I will not smell your soothing aromas.
The first use is the soothing aroma reah given off by Noah's burnt offerings Ge where "soothing" hannihoah reflects a play on the name " Noah " which means "rest"! An interesting cluster of uses of reah is found in the intimate love story described in Song of Solomon, where pleasant smells play a major role in the intimate relationship Songnote ; Song note ; Song note ; Songnote.
Vine notes that 43 uses of reah "refer specifically to sacrifices made to God and appear in Genesis-Numbers and Ezekiel. Mounce on reah - pleasing and acceptable: fragrance; unpleasing and unacceptable: stench; both connotations are used of sacrifices as accepted or rejected by God.
Aroma Webster - a distinctive pervasive and usually pleasant or savory smell, the quality that makes a thing perceptible to the olfactory sense; figuratively, a subtle pervasive quality or atmosphere. Reah is translated in Septuagint Lxx with the noun which means odor pleasant - Jnfragrance, smell. Friberg notes that osme was also "figuratively; a from the Middle Eastern concept that an odor from something is communicating its power sweet smell, fragrance 2Cor and b as a term for acceptable sacrifice aroma, fragrance of Christ Who "gave Himself up for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma literally "an odor of a sweet smell".
He finds it an "odor of rest. So that God is satisfied by the cross of Christ, and men are saved when they, too, become satisfied with what Christ has done and stop relying on their own good works, or anything else they may be relying upon in order to be saved.!
So the idea is that as a result of our Lord smelling the sweet savor of the sacrifice he has an odor of rest. And because it is an odor of restHis claims are met in the sacrifice and He, therefore, rests. G Campbell Morgan - Lev.
They are not used of the Sin Offering or of the Trespass Offering. Every one of these offerings was made by fire. In the case of the first three the fire brings out the savor; in that of the last two it destroys. The suggestiveness of all this, it is impossible to escape. Fire is pre-eminently a symbol of God, and of certain facts about His character and activities. Invariably it speaks of some aspect or activity of His holiness cf Ex5. It is a symbol of what He is as the Holy One, in that only things which are in conformity with that nature can live in His presence.
It is therefore a symbol of His wrath as He consumes that which is contrary to His nature. It is also a symbol of cleansing in that He purifies from all alloy those things which do conform to His character. Therefore, the offerings which represented sin and trespass, the fire destroyed; but those which represented devotion, service, fellowship, it affected so as to bring out the savor pleasing to God.
If man be in rebellion, a sinner persisting in his sin, the fire destroys him. If he be yielded, the fire brings out the beauty of character. Christ knew the fire bringing out sweet savor in His absolute perfections; He knew it as consuming, as He represented the sinner, and was made sin. Life Applications from Every Chapter of the Bible. Thus, God hosted the meal, communing with the worshiper and other participants.
This sacrifice celebrated covering of sin, forgiveness by God, and the restoration of a right and meaningful relationship with God and with life itself Judg. There were three kinds of peace offerings: 1 thank offerings in response to an unsolicited special divine blessing; 2 votive vowed offerings in pursuit of making a request or pledge to God; and 3 Free Will Offering spontaneously presented in worship and praise.
Brought as an act of thanksgivinga vowor a freewill offeringthe peace offering was designed to give the worshiper an opportunity to express gratitude to God for His blessings Lev. Theological Wordbook. Wenham writes that peace offering whether of cattle, sheep or goats "concluded with the worshipper and his friends or family joining in a sacred meal to eat up the rest of the meat.
In the words of Dt. Lev stipulates that all participants must be in a state of ritual purity. Lev states that the meat should be eaten up on the same day, if it is a confession sacrifice, and by the following day if it is for other purposes. We see a reference to the joyful nature of the communal meal associated with the peace offerings in Deuteronomy Again in Deut Leviticus 'But if his offering for a sacrifice of peace offerings to the LORD is from the flock, he shall offer it, male or female, without defect.
Panim is always in plural, perhaps because face is a combination of a number of features but that is supposition. The face identifies person and reflects attitude and sentiments of person. Enanti literally speaks of place and means in the presence of, over against, opposite. Think of this truth in the context of a man taking an offering to Jehovah!
It is as if it is carried out in His very presence! Which it is for He is omnipresent. Enanti is used figuratively of a relevant viewpoint in the eyes of, in the sight of. Leviticus and he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering and slay it before the tent of meeting, and Aaron's sons shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar.
Sprinkled zaraq - word study. Leviticus 'From the sacrifice of peace offerings he shall bring as an offering by fire to the LORD, its fat, the entire fat tail which he shall remove close to the backbone, and the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails, fat : Lev ,4 Pr Isa Lev Ex Leviticus 'Then the priest shall offer it up in smoke on the altar as food, an offering by fire to the LORD. Then - expression of time. The central concept of the covenant asserts no less than that Yahweh already existed and had proved his power, before ever Israel sacrificed to him.
Rooker - What is unique about the offering of the flock is the designation of the offering as lehemfood or bread Lev Sacrificial offerings are also designated as God' " food " in Lev and Nu The reference to the offering as food does not indicate that the Israelites believed that the Lord actually needed physical sustenance to survive, although this was the view among pagan cultures see Ps — This belief is completely foreign to the Old Testament The worshiper in this sense shared a meal with the Lord, which means that he had fellowship with him.
In Numbers God specifically refers to " My food " - "Command the sons of Israel and say to them, 'You shall be careful to Oh Lord - Leviticus (3) - The Best Of Leviticus (CD) My offering, My food lehem for My offerings by fire, of a soothing aroma to Me, at their appointed time.
Lewis Johnson has an interesting comment on "Food The sacrifice is called " food for Jehovah. They are called food for Jehovah. Because the thing that pleases God is the Lord Jesus Christ.
We do not please Him the Father except in so far as He the Son is seen in us. A holy God cannot ever be satisfied in unholy men. So whenever He is satisfied with us, it is because there is a manifestation of our Lord Jesus in us.
And, incidentally, He still does today. We are " accepted in the Beloved " Eph KJV- note of course, but all of our life in sanctification Ed : In the day to day living out of the Christian life - see Three Tenses of Salvation is pleasing to the Lord only in so far as Christ is seen in us. Lewis Johnson - The Peace Offering. Lxx translates lehem with artos Mt which means bread or by metonymy food or nourishment Lk BDAG - a baked product produced from a cereal grain.
Webster's defines bread as "1. A mass of dough, made by moistening and kneading the flour or meal of some species of grain, and baked in an oven, or pan. Food in general. Duane A. Garrett - Bread was the essential food of the ancient Israelites. Indeed, the very word "bread" could be used generically for any kind of food.
Meat was eaten by peasants only at festival occasions, and other foods supplemented bread. As the mainstay of life, bread came to be a primary metaphor for life and sustenance. Bread in the Bible functions as a social bond. The giving of bread to another is a major element of hospitality and serves as a sign of respect and concern Genesis ; ; ; Deuteronomy ; Ruth ; 1 Samuel ; ; 2 Samuel Conversely, to take someone's bread and then turn against that person is to commit a heinous offense of ingratitude and betrayal, as in the case of Judas Iscariot Psalm ; John Metaphorically, eating the "bread of idleness" is to indulge oneself without doing one's household duty Proverbs Also, bread can symbolize a financial investment Ecclesiastes The ritual and theological texts of the Bible often refer to bread.
It played a role in the consecration of the Aaronic priests Exodus Bread was also used as part of an offering of thanksgiving to God Leviticus Of particular importance in Israel's worship is unleavened bread. In the first Passover, the eating of unleavened bread typified the haste of Israel's departure from Egypt Exodusalthough there are already indications that leaven is associated with the pervasive influence of evil Exodus So important was this concept that a special festival of unleavened bread was instituted Leviticus See Related Articles on Bread:.
In this usage, the word is always preceded by a number. In 1Salehem represents an entire meal. Lehem can represent food in general. In Ge it signifies the entire diet. This nuance may include meat, as it does in Jdg. Pr Lev There are several special or figurative uses of lehem. Baker - Lehem often indicates grain which was used for preparing bread Isa. The manna was bread from the Lord, heavenly bread Ex. Some bread was used as a wave offering to the Lord Lev. It was used in figurative language to indicate the bread of affliction or adversity Deut.
Merrill - This Hebrew word for bread or food is a common term used literally hundreds of times in the OT. In Leviticus it is first used in Lev in connection with the fellowship offering. Numerous times in Leviticus it is used in a literal manner meaning " bread " or " food " Lev.
However in Lev. God does not "eat" as humans do but as food brings pleasure to a hungry man so the offerings presented to God bring him pleasure. Bible Knowledge Word Study. Some representative uses of lehem Ps Do all the workers of wickedness not know, Who eat up my people [as] they eat bread[And] do not call upon the Lord? Ps I have been young, and now I am old; Yet I have not seen the righteous forsaken, Or his descendants begging bread. Ps Even my close friend, in whom I trusted, Who ate my breadHas lifted up his heel against me.
Ps Have the workers of wickedness no knowledge, Who eat up My people [as though] they ate breadAnd have not called upon God? Will He provide meat for His people? Ps Man did eat the bread of angels; He sent them food in abundance. Ps Thou hast fed them with the bread of tears, And Thou hast made them to drink tears in large measure. Ps My heart has been smitten like grass and has withered away, Indeed, I forget to eat my bread.
Ps For I have eaten ashes like breadAnd mingled my drink with weeping. Ps He causes the grass to grow for the cattle, And vegetation for the labor of man, So that he may bring forth food from the earth. Ps And He called for a famine upon the land; He broke the whole staff of bread. Ps They asked, and He brought quail, And satisfied them with the bread of heaven. Ps It is vain for you to rise up early, To retire late, To eat the bread of painful labors; For He gives to His beloved [even in his] sleep.
Ps Who gives food to all flesh, For His lovingkindness is everlasting. Ps Who executes justice for the oppressed; Who gives food to the hungry. The LORD sets the prisoners free. Ps He gives to the beast its food[And] to the young ravens which cry.
Leviticus and he shall lay his hand on its head and slay it before the tent of meeting, and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar. Lay his hand on its head - A picture of substitution - the animal victim's life in place of the offerer's life. Mention of this practice in Lev is more difficult to explain - ESV Study Bible says " The laying on of hands prior to the stoning has been commonly explained in such a way that the congregation, having overheard the curse and become defiled, devolves the guilt onto the culprit, and his death makes atonement for the guilt.
Alternatively, it may be taken as a gesture simply to indicate who it is that had cursed the name of the LORD. Tent of meeting - See note on Lev Meeting moed from the verb ya'ad meaning to appoint or fix can refer to either a time or place of meeting eg, in "tent of meeting" the word for "meeting" in Lev is moed.
Appointed sign, appointed time, appointed season, place of assembly, set feast. An appointed meeting time in general Gen. Moed often designates a determined time or place without any regard for the purpose. Since the Jewish festivals occurred at regular intervals, this word becomes closely identified with them. Thus moed is a common term for the worshiping assembly of God's people.
A specific appointed time, usually for a sacred feast or festival Hos. The phrase occurs times. Tent of meeting - x in v in NAS - Ex ; ;10f, 30, 32, 42, 44;18, 20, 26, 36; ; ; ;30;40;6f, 12, 22, 24, 26, 29f, 32, 34f; Lev3, 5;8, 13; f, 7, 14, 16, 18;26, 30; f, 31, 33, 35;23;9; ;23;29;16f, 20, 23, 33; ff, 9; ; ; Num ;17; f, 25, 38; f, 15, 23, 25, 28, 30f, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 47;13, 18;89;15, 19, 22, 24, 26; ; ; ; ; f, 42f, 50; ;6, 21ff, 31; ; ; ; ; ; Deut ; Josh ; ; 1 Sam ; 1 Kgs ; 1 Chr ; ; ; 2 Chr6, 13; Leviticus 'From it he shall present his offering as an offering by fire to the LORD, the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails, fat : LevPs ,15 Pr Jer MtRo ,2.
Leviticus 'The priest shall offer them up in smoke on the altar as food, an offering by fire for a soothing aroma; all fat is the LORD'S. Soothing aroma NIV - "pleasing aroma" - indicates Jehovah's acceptance of the sacrifice. All the fat is the LORD'S - This may have also had medicinal significance as high fat diets are associated with a variety of disorders including atherosclerosis and associated heart disease and strokes. Fat heleb means fat but can also mean "the best," the best or fatty portions of an offering Ge ; Lev.
Figuratively, a a heart grown fat symbolized a heart that had become callous and thus insensitive to God Ps. Swanson comments that heleb meant "the finest, best part, i. Lxx translates heleb with stear Gives us English stearin which means fat. In Nu "best" heleb is translated with the Greek noun aparche which was a technical term for the first portion of grain and fruit harvests and flocks offered to God.
Heleb - 70v - Gen ; ; Exod ;22; Lev f, 9f, 14ff; f, 19, 26, 31, 35; ; f, 23ff, 30f, 33;25f;19f, 24; ; ; ; Num17, 29f, 32; Deut38; Judg ; 1 Sam f; ; 2 Sam ; 1 Kgs ; 2 Chr ; ; ; Job ; ; Ps ; ; ; ; ; ; Isa ; f; ; Ezek ; ; Merrill - Although from a practical viewpoint burning the fat from the many fellowship offerings would be both a representative and an easy portion of the animal to bum since fat bums well with little odor, there may well be more to this regulation than pragmatics.
It may be that the fat was thought to be a delicacy or "the best" cf. In addition, since the kidneys are referred to in the OT as the seat of emotions Job ; Ps.
It is also possible, though less likely, that the LORD was protecting his people from a diet high in fat even as they fellowshipped with him cf. Leviticus 'It is a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings: you shall not eat any fat or any blood. Ryrie - No mention is made of a peace offering of birds because they would not provide enough food for a meal. The poor would have to share in the peace offerings brought by others. Perpetual statute - 15x in 15v - Ex ; ; ; Lev ; ;21, 31, 41; ; Num ; ; ; See also Ex ; Lev ; ; Ezek Obviously this phrase serves to highlight important principles.
Perpetual Everlasting, Eternal, Forever olam - word study. The Lxx translates olam with the phrase "eis ton aiona " which literally means "into the ages. Given the derivation to cuthuqqah thus alludes to the practice of inscribing or incising laws in stone. The upshot is that this ordinance regarding the fat was one that conveyed a sense of gravity and was not to be held lightly. Shall not eat Rooker explains that "Since life is a gift of God, bloodthe unique manifestation of this gift, must not be eaten but given back to God, the Source of life.
The burning of the fat and the sprinkling of blood against the altar signified the giving of the life of the animal back to God upon its death. Peter Pell on the relationship of the Peace Offering and Christ - The finished work of Christ in relation to the believer is seen in the peace offering.
The Lord Jesus is our peace Eph. He preached this peace to those who were afar off and to those who were near Eph. In Christ, God and the sinner meet in peace; the enmity that was ours is gone. God is propitiated, the sinner is reconciled, and both alike are satisfied with Christ and with what He has done. Wenham links the OT peace offerings with the NT Lord's Supper - Christ's death on the cross is a closer parallel to the burnt offering.
His sharing of his body and blood with his disciples forms the closer parallel to the peace offering. Other similarities between the Christian communion service and the OT peace offering can be drawn. Both demand that the worshipper should be clean, i. Divine punishment is promised on those who eat without discerning the body.
Here Paul is putting the provisions of Leviticus into more modern terms. The first recorded peace offering was at Sinai, when the ten commandments were given. It is therefore highly appropriate for the Decalog, or our Lord's summary of the law, to be read at the Lord's supper.
The participant is only warned to be clean in order to participate Lev ; 1Cor The focus and main feature of the fellowship offering was fellowship with God. This fellowship was made possible by atonement through sacrifice.
The fellowship offering was not presented until the burnt offering had been made. In order for anyone to have fellowship with God, an atoning sacrifice on behalf of the sinner must be made.
Bob Deffinbaugh has an excellent, pragmatic discussion of The Fellowship Offering or Peace Offering and below is his entire message As I have studied the Book of Leviticus this past week, I have come to realize several things which greatly motivate and enhance my study. A friend of mine tells the story of the woman who is trying to decide how she should confess her sins.
The Old Testament seems to have more offerings than we can count. That can lead to a fair bit of frustration on the part of the New Testament saint. There is a very important lesson to be learned here, which may help to motivate us in our study of these offerings. I believe that it is Dr. Lewis Sperry Chafer who lists over thirty things which the death of Christ accomplished.
One great contribution of the offerings in the Book of Leviticus is that they portray the blessings of the death of Christ, the Lamb of God, individually. The Old Testament saint would sacrifice the various offerings and would grasp, to some degree, the blessings God had given him.
With each offering was associated some particular blessing. For us, all the blessings of God are realized by one offering, made once for all, the death of Christ at Calvary. Second, every sacrifice that an Israelite offered was of a certain type, and for a specific purpose. Every offering has very exacting rules as to what is offered, how it is offered, and by whom it is offered. For example, the Peace Offering could be eaten on the day it was sacrificed, or on the day after, but not on the third day.
To eat this sacrificial meat on the third day would have serious consequences Lev. A burnt offering had to be a male, while the Peace Offering could have been a male or a female, but not a bird. An ox or a lamb with an overgrown or stunted member could be offered for a freewill Peace Offering, but not for a votive Peace Offering Lev.
If you would, the law prescribed the plan, the way in which every offering was to be made. Before men could follow the plan, they had to determine the purpose, that is they had to decide which offering they were about to make, and why.
Thus there was a built-in safeguard against mindless ritual, in which one went through the motions of making an offering without really thinking about what he was doing or why.
The precise regulations encouraged the Israelite worshipper to engage his mind in his worship. Third, the only meat which an Israelite ate from their cattle was that which was offered as a Peace Offering.
I know this is hard to believe, but listen to the command of God as given in Leviticus These are strong words indeed! Any animal that was slaughtered had to be offered to God as a sacrifice. Any blood that was shed, was shed as a part of a sacrifice. Thus, any meat that was eaten at least from the cattle of the Israelites had to be that which was first offered to God as a part of a sacrifice at the tent of meeting.
And since the Peace Offering was the only sacrifice of which the Israelite could eat, every time the Israelite wanted to eat meat for dinner, he had to offer a Peace Offering. Leviticus 3 is structured similarly to Leviticus 1. The regulations for the sacrifice of the Peace Offering are dealt with in terms of the kind of animal sacrificed. Thus, in Lev 3 we find the following structure:. Imagine for the moment that you are an Israelite in the days of Moses, and that you are about to make a Peace Offering, according to all of the regulations in the Pentateuch.
You could offer a Peace Offering as an act of thanksgiving Lev. These were all optional offerings, which an Israelite could offer at any time, except for the feast of Pentecost Lev. You would begin by selecting an animal without any defect, either male or female, from the herd or from the flock Lev. You would then bring this animal to the doorway of the tent of meeting, where you would lay your hand upon its head Lev8, 13thus identifying your sin with this animal, and yourself with its death.
When you have slain the animal, the priests will collect the blood which is shed and sprinkle it around the altar Lev8, The animal would then be skinned and cut into pieces. The priests would then take the fat of the animal, along with the kidneys and the lobe of the liver, and burn it on the altar of burnt offering Lev ; ; The priests would be given the breast and the right thigh of the animal cf.
Aaron and his sons receive the breast Levwhile the thigh goes to that priest who offers up the Peace Offering Lev Along with the fat which is offered up to God there would also be the appropriate offering of grain. In the case of a thanksgiving offering both leavened and unleavened cakes were to be offered, some of which was burned on the altar, and the rest of which was to go to the priests Lev This was not the only grain offering which was leavened, for the celebration of Pentecost included the offering of leavened bread Lev.
Since the fat and blood are offered to God and the breast and the right thigh are given to the priest, the rest of the sacrificial animal is left for the offerer to eat. Thus, after the offering of the fat portions on the altar, the Israelite would eat a meal, partaking of the portions of the sacrificial animal which remained.
Not much is said about the meal that is eaten in Leviticus 3. In contrast, there is considerable emphasis placed on the disposal of the meat of the Peace Offering cf.
The one who disobeys this regulation must be cut off from his people Lev Distinctives of the Peace Offering. The Origin and Meaning of the Peace Offering. Sacrifices were not new to the Israelite, nor to the pagan, for that matter. The laws of Leviticus which pertain to the offerings do not initiate sacrifice, they merely seek Oh Lord - Leviticus (3) - The Best Of Leviticus (CD) regulate it.
The reason for these regulations, as for most all laws, is that men are abusing certain privileges. Before we seek to discern the meaning of the Peace Offering, let us take a moment to trace the history of sacrifice from the biblical data we are given. Sacrifice was first offered by Adam and Eve and by their sons. Animals had to be slaughtered for the skins which covered the nakedness of Adam and his wife Gen. Abel offered a blood animal sacrifice. Then, after the flood, Noah offered animal sacrifices to God as burnt offerings Geand as a result, God made a covenant never to destroy mankind in this way again Ge God then pronounced a blessing on Noah and his sons, and gave the animals to them for food, seemingly for the first time Ge It is my speculation that from this time on, no animal was sacrificed apart from some kind of sacrificial ceremony, at which time the blood was poured out, and perhaps the fat was offered up in fire to the Lord.
I believe that this practice persisted, in a perverted form, by the pagans who descended from Noah and his sons. I say this on the basis of two biblical texts:.
So the next day they rose early and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play Exod. And the priest shall sprinkle the blood on the altar of the LORD at the doorway of the tent of meeting, and offer up the fat in smoke as a soothing aroma to the LORD.
And they shall no longer sacrifice their sacrifices to the goat demons with which they play the harlot. Before Moses had descended from Mt. They did not learn to make peace offerings from Moses, and so they must have known similar offerings from their past. The text in Leviticus 17 is even more explicit.
The reason why God ordered the Israelites to slaughter every animal as a sacrifice before the tent of meeting Lev. Thus, the regulations of Leviticus pertaining to the offerings were to deal with the corrupted form of offering, which I believe stems from the sacrifices of Abel, and later of Noah. The Book of Genesis thus laid a vital foundation for the origins of worship and of sacrifice, intended to correct the distortions and perversions of it over time by sinful men.
In the Book of Exodus we find further revelation concerning the Peace Offeringwhich would assist the Israelite in understanding the significance of this offering. Again, in Exodus 24, we find the Peace Offering. You will recall that God has just proclaimed the details of the Mosaic Covenant to Moses, and in Ex 24 this covenant will be formally ratified. Thus, we read:. Then he arose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain with twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Israel.
And he sent young men of the sons of Israel, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as peace offerings to the LORD. Yet He did not stretch out His hand against the nobles of the sons of Israel; and they beheld God, and they ate and drank Ex, emphasis mine. Numbers 7 is an account of the gifts and offerings which were initially offered by the leaders of Israel Nuwhich includes peace offerings.
It seems to me that in both Exodus 24 and Numbers 7 the leaders are acting representatively for the people in making their peace offerings. I think that it was that which remained from the peace offerings of Ex But this is not all the information we have concerning the meaning of the Peace Offering. Nevertheless, there is some help to be gained from a consideration of the general meaning of the root word. When God made Adam, he was initially alone.
When Adam named the animals, they all passed before him—in pairs! There was Mr. Sheep, Mr. Ox, and so on. Adam began to feel incomplete, and rightly so. When the two were joined together, they became one flesh.
So the Israelites became whole when they become one with God in worship. Since the offerer places his hand on the animal that is sacrificed, the element of sin is clearly present. This offering assures the offerer that he has peace with God, based upon the shedding of innocent blood. In particular, the most striking features of this offering are that the offerer personally partakes of the sacrificial meat by means of a festive meal.
I take it, that in so doing the focus here is more upon the experiential benefits to the offerer than in the previous offerings. In the Burnt Offering, the offerer received none of the sacrificed animal at all. In the Grain Offering, the same was true, although the priests fared better here.
But it is in the Peace Offering, indeed, only in the Peace Offering, that the offerer gets something back, something like a rebate. I believe this suggests that the emphasis falls on the benefits to the offerer, that the offerer is here more in view than previously has been the case.
In 1 Samuel 1, Hannah made a vow to the Lord that she would dedicate her son to the Lord if He would but give her a boy child. When God answered her prayer, she fulfilled her promise, thus completing her vow. Thus, in obedience to the instructions found in Leviticus pertaining to the Peace Offering, Hannah went to Shiloh and gave her son to the Lord, offering her Peace Offering at this time 1Sa In many other instances the Peace Offering was offered in the history of Israel. Interestingly, this offering was made both in times of great sorrow e.
In each instance the Peace Offering focuses on the benefits, the wholeness, which Israel is experiencing, or which she had lost and for which she hopesthe offering then being an act of faith, a looking forward to a future wholeness or peace, which God will grant His people.
Here, as it were, the emphasis falls on God, and the satisfaction of His anger, due to the general fallen condition of man.
The Peace Offering and the Contemporary Christian. In fact, it was more than this. Because of Christ, God is no longer angry with the one who has identified with Him by faith, He is favorably disposed to Him. This is the message which Paul proclaimed:.
But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity.
The meal that the offerer of the Peace Offering enjoyed, along with his fellow-Israelites, whom he invited, signified the peace which the sacrifice brought about. Years ago, Dr. Billy Graham wrote a book entitled, Peace With God. Have you experienced this peace with God my friend? The Bible tells us that we are born at enmity with God. That is our natural state cf. That condition of hostility, Paul tells us in Ephesians 2, is remedied and removed by the blood of Christ, and enmity with God is replaced by peace with God, and with our fellow men.
I urge you, if you have never received this gift, do so today, by simply trusting in Jesus Christ as your Peace Offering to God. Throughout the Bible, the meal has a meaning much greater than that which our culture attributes to it. I believe that for the people of God, and often for the pagans cf. I do not think that the Peace Offering was the origin of this significance, but rather a reflection of it.
Later on, it was significant when the Levite was seeking a meal and a place to lodge without success Judges The festive meal which was a part of the Peace Offering simply added to the significance which the meal already had. Here, the meal was a symbol of the peace which the Israelite had with God and with men, through the sacrifice of the innocent victim.
When you stop to think of it, the New Testament is saturated with stories and teachings related to the dinner table. Mark Our Lord taught, for example, that one should not invite those to dinner who are wealthy and influential, and who can thus return the favor to us in some way Lk Was not this especially applicable at the meal associated with the Peace Offering, when the poor would only be able to participate if the more affluent invited them?
Now, in the light of what we know of the Peace Offering, what would the father have had to do, before the fatted calf could have been eaten? It would have been offered first as a Peace Offering. The Peace Offering deepens our grasp of the significance of meals in the New Testament. So, too, the significance of meat and of meals enhances our grasp of the problem which Paul dealt with in 1 Corinthians of eating meats, especially those eaten in the home of an unbelieving neighbor, who may very well have obtained meat which was involved in a pagan ritual, or which might take place in the meal itself.
The Peace Offering sacrifice is not offered, for our Peace Offering is Christ, who died once for all, to make peace between men and God, and between men and men. The celebration goes on, however, and so in the communion service we are reminded of our unity with others, as well as our unity with God:. Is not the bread which we break a sharing in the body of Christ? One of the greatest barriers between the Jewish believers and the Gentile saints was that of eating cf.
Acts 10, Acts Thus, when Peter departed from what God had taught him in this passage, Paul rebuked him for departing from the very essence of the gospel Gal. For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns.
The dinner table has become much more secular to us than it ever was to the people of earlier times. May God enable us to make more of the meal table, and to meditate more on the peace which Christ has won for us on the cross.
Online Version on Bible. Rob Morgan. I will rejoice and be glad in it! May the Holy Spirit bless my subconscious mind during the night. An attitude of love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, gentleness, goodness, faithfulness, and self-control. BE Then the priest shall burn them on the altar of burnt offering. The rest of the blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar BY of burnt offering at the entrance to the tent of meeting.
In this way the priest will make atonement CB for the community, and they will be forgiven. This is the sin offering for the community. CI It is a sin offering. CW In this way the priest will make atonement CX for them, and they will be forgiven. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven. DZ It is a sin offering. They must not put olive oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering. It is a sin offering. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, EK as in the case of the grain offering.
The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a guilt offering, and they will be forgiven. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the wrong they have committed unintentionally, and they will be forgiven.
They must make restitution FF in full, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day they present their guilt offering. Every morning the priest is to add firewood FQ and arrange the burnt offering on the fire and burn the fat FR of the fellowship offerings FS on it. GE Like the sin offering [ j ] and the guilt offering, it is most holy.
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