Test pressings are a bit more common than acetates, and are made to test stampers prior to mass produced production runs. They are usually the first pressings made from a set of stampers, and can be distinguished by their labels, which will differ from those used on stock pressings.
Test pressings may have blank white labels or they may have special labels that indicate that they are test pressings. These custom labels usually have blank lines printed on them so that the people working with them can write the title and artist on the labels by hand.
As with acetates, test pressings are usually used for evaluation purposes by record company personnel, though they are occasionally sent out as promotional items. As they are rather unusual and limited in production to just a handful of copies, test pressings are highly regarded and sought out by collectors.
Sometimes, test pressings may contain different versions of one or more songs from the commercially released albums. This can also add to their value. We have written a more in-depth article about test pressings and acetates.
You can read it here. Records pressed in foreign countries are often of interest to record collectors. While most collectors are interested in records from the country where they live, a lot of them are interested in owning anything unusual by the artists that interest them. Most record albums are designed by record companies in either the United States or Great Britain, and most releases from either country are nearly identical.
Other countries, however, have been known to create dramatically different versions LP) records from the U. Sometimes, foreign pressings may have different titles, or different covers from the more common versions from the U. On other occasions, record companies in other countries may choose to press albums on colored vinyl.
Many albums from Japan from the late s through the early s were pressed on dark red vinyl. These pressings are highly regarded by collectors for both their unusual appearance and their sound quality. While many American Beatles records are worth a lot of money, so are those from Great Britain, as the band released records there prior to releasing them in the U. Prices for foreign non-U.
In general, collectors in the United States will always be interested, to some degree, in any foreign record by artists whose records they collect. While limited edition pressings of albums are a relatively new thing, they are now quite common, with record companies intentionally limiting releases to a few hundred or a few thousand copies.
In past decades, when records were the predominant format for selling music, record companies were content to sell as many copies as possible of a given title. In recent years, records have become more of a niche item, and record companies are somewhat hesitant to spend the money to master, press, and distribute them.
By producing only a limited number of a given title, and by making it publicly known that production will be limited to xxx number of copies, the record companies have a greater likelihood of having a particular title sell out quickly, rather than sitting on a shelf for a period of months or years. Sometimes, these limited editions are individually numbered, while most are not. Sometimes, a limited number of copies of a given album will be pressed on colored vinyl, with a larger number pressed on black vinyl.
In some cases, such as with the soundtrack album to the film Inceptionall copies are colored vinyl and they are numbered as well. Limited edition pressings Various - The Golden Age Of Black Music (1970 - 1975) (Vinyl most any artist will have some value above the original selling price, as record companies are unlikely to issue limited edition pressings if there is no established market for them.
The exception to this would be records from companies that do not ordinarily release records, such as the Franklin Mint. Over the years, the Franklin Mint has released a number of recordings as limited edition sets, usually spanning many volumes. Most of these recordings were also pressed on colored vinyl and the sets were marketed in mass media to consumers who were not record collectors.
These recordings have little value unless they are offered in complete sets, some of which came with as many as records. Occasionally, record companies release an album or single, only to change their mind and withdraw it from general release. This can happen for a number of reasons, ranging from a corporate decision that may or may not have anything to do with the record itself, a decision by the artist to change the product after release, or even an announcement by prominent retailers that they will refuse to sell the record as released.
Regardless of the reason for withdrawing the record from circulation, such releases will naturally be scarce, hard to find, and in demand among collectors. More often than not, withdrawn releases will also command substantial prices on the collector market. Listed below are a few examples of record albums which were withdrawn from the market shortly before or shortly after being released to stores.
Angel — Bad Publicity — The album Bad Publicity had a cover that depicted the band having a raucus party in a hotel room. After only a handful of copies had been issued as promotional items, the album was withdrawn, retitled to Sinfuland released with completely different artwork showing the band in white suits against a white background. Prince — The Black Album — InPrince intended to release an untitled album that had an all-black cover on which neither a title nor the name of the artist appeared.
The cover was replaced by a picture of the band sitting around a steamer trunk. We have written an extensive article about the Beatles Butcher cover. Paintings have been forged, currency has been counterfeited, and unfortunately, so have many rare records. While there are many factors that go into determining vinyl records value, perhaps none is more important than the need for the record to be an original pressing and not a counterfeit pressing created at a later date to resemble the original issue.
Counterfeit records first appeared on the market in the late s or early s and while the early attempts were rather obvious and fairly crude, technology has improved in recent years, making many counterfeit records difficult for the layman to identify. These titles were sold by chain record stores alongside the legitimate record company issues.
If a record routinely sells for a lot of money, there is a good chance that the title in question has been counterfeited. Many albums by the Beatles, along with other popular artists such as the Yardbirds, Elvis Presley, and Pink Floyd, have been counterfeited.
In a few cases, such as the Beatles album Introducing the Beatlescounterfeit copies may actually outnumber the real ones. It goes without saying that a counterfeit copy of a rare record will have limited value when compared with an original pressing. We have written an extensive article about counterfeit records. In the s through the mids, record companies kept close tabs on whether an album was selling well or poorly.
Poor selling albums were usually removed from the catalog and existing copies were sold at a discount. Starting in the s, record companies took a different approach, and reduced the prices of slow-selling records, keeping them in print but offering them for sale at a lower price point.
Collectors often become interested in records that have gone out of print, and the prices for these no longer available titles can get quite high, depending on the artist and title. In these cases, collectors are usually paying high prices simply to hear the music. In the case of some albums, which may have only been originally for sale from small record companies, these reissues might actually sell more copies than the original album.
While some collectors remain interested in owning an early or an original pressing of a recently reissued album, there are others who are only interested in hearing the music, and will be happy to own a reissued version of the album instead.
Most mass produced records sold over the past 60 years or so Various - The Golden Age Of Black Music (1970 - 1975) (Vinyl been poorly cared for by their owners. They may have been played on low-quality equipment, stored outside of their covers, and handled by their playing surfaces, rather than their edges. Many covers were poorly stored, leading to ring wear or splits in the covers. Finding a copy of any record that is more than 20 years old in such condition is quite difficult, and the value of a record can vary widely depending on its condition.
In the case of many records from the late s and early s, finding worn and nearly-unplayable copies of a particular record might be relatively easy, while finding one in mint condition may be nearly impossible. In the case of such records, a mint copy might sell for 50 times as much money as a worn-out copy of the same record.
Pilgrim Jubilee Singers. Alex Bradford. Willie Mae Ford Smith. The Original Gospel…, LP). The Five Blind Boys of…. The Rance Allen Group. The Gospelaires. Tramaine Hawkins. Madame Edna Gallmon Cooke.
Sandra Crouch. The Winans. Original Soundtrack. Edwin Hawkins. The Fairfield Four. Inez Andrews. Bernice Johnson Reagon. Brooklyn All-Stars. Shun Pace-Rhodes. The Caravans. Take 6. Ernestine Washington. The album also starts with bells ringing for Bon Scott. Apart from that brief opening, there are no reflective, mourning or sad songs.
In general, the band stuck with what they knew: simple, hard-hitting rock and roll. Back In Black is full of riffs that every novice guitar player will attempt to learn at least once, and has solos that experienced players wish they could emulate. Songs like You Shook Me All Night Long have infection choruses that suit the massive arenas they would eventually fill, and Shoot To Various - The Golden Age Of Black Music (1970 - 1975) (Vinyl is an adrenaline-filled rock anthem that would be used on film soundtracks years after its release.
As anyone who likes unsociably loud music will tell you, heavy metal is popularly thought to have been born in when Brummie headbangers Black Sabbath released their self-titled debut album.
The one-two opening shot of War Pigs and Paranoid itself simply cannot be bettered in the metal world. The album then moves on to the sensuous instrumental Planet Caravana beautiful, landscaped song, before the pulverising hammer blow of Iron Man.
That a record such as this was written and delivered by such young musicians is nothing Various - The Golden Age Of Black Music (1970 - 1975) (Vinyl of miraculous, albeit in the infernal rather than heavenly sense. Buy Paranoid on Amazon View Deal. Thin Lizzythe hard rock titans fronted by the iconic Irish singer Phil Lynotthad already released seven albums in six years by the time they got around to releasing a live collection — but when it came, it was a monster.
A double album of live tunes recorded in various locations, Live And Dangerous was one of the earliest in-concert collections to match, or even surpass, the studio skills of the band which created it.
Masterminded by producer Tony Visconti, whose track record with David BowieT-Rex and other artists had made him something of a king among his profession, the album pulls off the trick of sounding both live and polished.
The textures of their live material were improved no end by a sax player, John Earle, and none other than Huey Lewis — yes, that infamous Huey Lewis, himself still five years away from global success. No record collector wants sticky fingers on vinyl.
Sticky Fingers on vinyl, however, is a different story. The album is also the first to feature Mick Taylor, who replaced guitarist Brian Jones in The artwork — concepted by renowned artist Andy Warhol — was photographed by Billy Name and features a fully-working zip on most original pressings.
Before Sgt Pepper was released inthings were looking bleak for The Beatles. But the fab four would then embark on their most ambitious project — and one that would go on to break sales records, despite not having any singles released to promote it. Upon release, the BBC was quick to ban the song A Day In The Life due to the lyrics being interpreted as encouraging drug use, with the lyric ' 4, holes in Blackburn ' thought to reference holes in the arm of a drug user.
It might help the LP. Sgt Pepper was the first rock LP to have the lyrics to their songs printed on the cover, before magazines would usually print them. Original pressings of the vinyl also came with a piece of card with numerous cut-outs including a dropping moustache, sergeant stripes and a stand of the four Beatles.
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