Smith in the electoral college — Republican incumbent Calvin Coolidge unexpectedly announced in August that he would not seek a second term as president. Following his decision—issued to the press in a concise, one-sentence statement—a number of Republicans put their names in the running to replace him on the ticket.
Amid rising anti-Catholic sentiment and contentious discussion of civil rights for African Americans and women and nearly a decade into Prohibition —enacted with the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment in —both the Republicans and the Democratic opposition faced a difficult task in selecting a candidate who possessed the right combination of opinions on these issues.
The primary elections were held beginning in March the Republicans held 15, the Democrats Herbert Hoover, secretary of commerce under both Coolidge and his predecessor, Warren G.
Harding Please Play Kansas City - Calvin Coolidge (2) - Please Play Kansas City (Vinyl), was widely considered the favourite of the Republican contenders. He was a Protestant who expressed somewhat ambiguous support for Prohibition and had a record of supporting civil rights for women and African Americans. Hoover, who ran in 12 of the primaries and won 7 of them, received Like Hoover, Smith ran in 12 primaries, winning nine and garnering James A.
Reed, who captured more than 20 percent despite only winning one of the five primaries he entered. Smith emerged as the victor at the Democratic convention in Houston on June 26; it was the first time since before the Civil War that the party had held a convention in the South. Robinsonan Arkansas senator who, unlike his running mate, toed the party line on Prohibition and was a Protestant.
While the campaign highlighted the fissures in American society, it also underscored the similarities between the two candidates and between the positions advanced by their parties. Both men were self-made millionaires and attributed their own success, as well as the prosperity of the Harding-Coolidge years, Please Play Kansas City - Calvin Coolidge (2) - Please Play Kansas City (Vinyl) free enterprise and capitalism.
They both had strong records on labour support, with Hoover having opposed intervention in labour disputes and Smith having engineered improvements to conditions for city workers in New York City. And both Democratic and Republican platforms called for lower taxes, restriction of immigration, regulation of the emerging radio broadcasting industry, enforcement of Prohibition, and the continuation of the prosperity experienced under the previous administrations.
However, a number of key differences emerged. Largely at the behest of his party, Smith supported the McNary-Haugen farm bill, which proposed grain subsidies in order to raise prices.
He had preferred a program of modernization efforts Please Play Kansas City - Calvin Coolidge (2) - Please Play Kansas City (Vinyl) the formation of cooperatives instead.
While campaigning, he nonetheless vowed to call a special session of Congress to address the issue of farm relief. The majority of the campaign was conducted—at least by Hoover—via radio and newsreels. Hoover made only seven speeches in person, and those were essentially rote recitation of the Republican planks.
However, his Catholicism, compounded by his decidedly New York manner of speaking and his entanglement with the Tammany Hall machine, detracted substantially from his support among rural voters. Hoover won by a landslide with electoral votes and Smith finished with 87 electoral votes and For the results of the previous election, see United States presidential election of For the results of the subsequent election, see United States presidential election of The results of the U.
United States presidential election of Article Media. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a chronological guide to this subject, see Timeline of the presidency of Calvin Coolidge. Main article: Calvin Coolidge judicial appointments. See also: Ohio Gang. Main article: United States presidential election. See also: History of immigration to the United States.
See also: Labor history of the United States. See also: Prohibition in the United States. Further information: History of U. Dawes, 30th Vice President ". US Senate. Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 2 February John F. Kennedy Library and Museum. Archived from the original on March 8, September 30, Constitution" PDF. Congressional Research Service reports.
Washington D. Constitution Daily. Philadelphia: The National Constitution Center. March 23, Archived from the original on March 5, Retrieved March 3, IV, Treaties".
Government Printing Office. Archived from the original on Retrieved Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on February 20, Retrieved February 24, ABC News.
Retrieved March 1, Fuess Calvin Coolidge - The Man from Vermont. Miller Center. Retrieved 4 December New York Times. Retrieved 14 May Scholarly sources [ edit ] Adler, Selig.
Barry, John M. Ciment, James. Excerpt Cohen, Warren I. American Indian Policy in the Twentieth Century. University of Oklahoma Press. Ellis, L. Republican foreign policy, Ellis, L. Frank B. Kellogg and American Foreign Relations, Ferrell, Robert H. The Presidency of Calvin Coolidge.
University Press of Kansas. Freeman, Jo Rowman and Littlefield. Fuess, Claude M. Calvin Coolidge: The Man from Vermont. Little, Brown. Graff, Henry F. The Presidents: A Reference History 3rd ed. Calvin Coolidge. The American Presidents Series. Times Books. Herring, George C. From Colony to Superpower; U. Foreign Relations Since Oxford University Press.
Republican Ascendancy: — Onlinescholarly survey focused on politics. Leuchtenburg, William. Calvin Coolidge: Please Play Kansas City - Calvin Coolidge (2) - Please Play Kansas City (Vinyl) Quiet President.
Miller, Nathan Murray, Robert K. Palmer, Niall. New York: HarperCollins. Sibley, Katherine A. A Companion to Warren G. Coolidge and the Historians pages; favors Coolidge Sobel, Robert Coolidge: An American Enigma. Regnery Publishing. White, William Allen Articles [ edit ] Bates, J.
Leonard January The American Historical Review. Blair, John L. Online Buckley, Kerry W. December The New England Quarterly. Clemens, Cyril, and Athern P. Online Felzenberg, Alvin S. Fall New England Journal of History. Galston, Miriam November Keller, Robert R. Journal of Economic Issues. Leffler, Melvyn P.
International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society. Roberts, Jason. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover : Rusnak, Robert J. Spring Mellon: Reluctant Kingmaker".
Presidential Studies Quarterly. Shideler, James H. June The Wisconsin Magazine of History. Sobel, Robert. MA thesis, James madison U, Please Play Kansas City - Calvin Coolidge (2) - Please Play Kansas City (Vinyl).
Fred Spring Jardine and the Foundations for Republican Farm Policy, ". Agricultural History. Williams, William Appleman. Highly influential article from the Wisconsin school argues. US foreign policy was not isolationist, but was economically very involved with the world. Online Zieger, Robert H. The Journal of American History. Primary sources [ edit ] Coolidge, Calvin Houghton Mifflin.
Foundations of the Republic: Speeches and Addresses. University Press of the Pacific. Coolidge, Calvin The Autobiography of Calvin Coolidge. Cosmopolitan Book Corp. Peter Hannaford ed. Images From The Past, Incorporated. University of Massachusetts Press. Presidency of Calvin Coolidge at Wikipedia's sister projects. Presidents of the United States. Grant — Rutherford B. Hayes — James A. Garfield Chester A. Roosevelt — Harry S. Truman — Dwight D. Eisenhower — John F.
Kennedy — Lyndon B. Bush — Bill Clinton — George W. Bush — Barack Obama — Donald Trump —present. Book Category List. The Autobiography of Calvin Coolidge Sesquicentennial half dollar U. Coolidge cousins Marcus A. CoolidgeArthur W. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Add links. Vice President. Secretary of State. Secretary of the Treasury. Secretary of War.
Attorney General. Postmaster General. Secretary of the Navy. Secretary of the Interior. Secretary of Agriculture. Secretary of Commerce. Secretary of Labor. It is probable that a press which maintains an intimate touch with the business currents of the nation is likely to be more reliable than it would be if it were a stranger to these influences. After all, the chief business of the American people is business.
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