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Scotland The What? Free Solo: Live Beyond Fear. Report item - opens in a new window or tab. Description Postage and payments. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Item specifics Condition: Used : An item that has been previously used.
See all condition definitions — opens in a new window or tab. Lindisfarne Live. The actual vinyl is also in varied condition with different degrees of visible scratches - cannot verify if detrimental to the playing of the record on a turntable as I do not possess suchso I am afraid buyers risk - they do need a decent clean.
Will combine postage on multiple purchases up to 4 disks. Postage and packaging. The seller hasn't specified a postage method to Russian Federation. Contact the seller - opens in a new window or tab and request post to your location. Postage cost can't be calculated. Please enter a LP) postcode. There are 1 items available.
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Various - Charisma Presentation (Vinyl in category:. Email to friends Share on Facebook - opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter - opens in a new window or tab Share on Pinterest - opens in a new window or tab Watch this item. Free postage Opens image gallery Image not available Photos not available for this variation. Pre- and post-echo can be avoided by the use of direct metal mastering.
The first LP records introduced used fixed pitch grooves just like their 78 predecessors. The use of magnetic tape for the production of the master recordings allowed the introduction of variable pitch grooves. The magnetic tape reproducer used to transfer the recording to the master disc was equipped with an auxiliary playback head positioned ahead of the main head by a distance equal to one revolution of the disc. The sole purpose of this head was to monitor the amplitude of the recording.
If the sound level from both the auxiliary and main magnetic heads was loud, the cutting head on the disc recording lathe was driven at its normal speed.
However, if the sound level from both magnetic heads was quieter, then the disc cutting head could be driven at a lower speed reducing the groove pitch with no danger of the adjacent grooves colliding with each other.
The playing time of the disc was therefore increased by an amount dependent on the duration of quieter passages. The record manufacturers had also realised that by reducing the amplitude of the lower frequencies recorded in the groove, it was possible to decrease the spacing between the grooves and further increase the playing time.
These low frequencies were then restored to their original level on playback. Furthermore, if the amplitude of the high frequencies was artificially boosted on recording the disc and then subsequently reduced to their original level on playback, the noise introduced by the disc would be reduced by a similar amount.
This gave rise to an equalization frequency response applied during record coupled with an inverse of the response applied on playback. Each disc manufacturer applied their own version of an equalization curve mostly because each manufacturer's equalization curve was protected by interlocking patents.
Low-end reproduction equipment applied a compromise playback equalization that reproduced most discs reasonably well. However, amplifiers for audiophile equipment were equipped with an equalization selector with a position for most, if not all, disc manufacturers. The net effect of equalization is to allow longer playing time and lower background noise while maintaining full fidelity of music or other content.
Consequently, both low-quality and audiophile reproducers alike could replay any recording with the correct equalization. There are two versions of the reproduction RIAA equalization curve. The first, is simply the inverse of the recording curve designed for cheaper equipment using crystal or ceramic reproduction cartridges. The second curve is intended for equipment fitted with magnetic reproduction cartridges where the output voltage is dependent on the frequency of the recorded signal the voltage output is directly proportional to the frequency of the recorded signal; that is: the voltage doubles as the recorded frequency doubles.
The audio quality of LPs has increased greatly since their inception. While early LP recordings were monophonicstereophony had been demonstrated in and Alan Blumlein had patented Stereophonic sound in Unsuccessful attempts were made to create stereophonic records starting in the s, including Emory Cook 's "binaural" LPs using two precisely spaced tracks on the record one track for each channel which had to be played with two monaural pick-ups on a tuning-fork-shaped tonearm.
The modern system ultimately released by Audio Fidelity Records in November uses two modulation angles, equal and opposite 45 degrees from vertical and so perpendicular to each other. It can also be thought of as using traditional horizontal modulation for the sum LP) left and right channels monomaking it essentially compatible with simple mono recordings, and vertical-plane modulation for the difference of the two channels.
The composition of vinyl used to press records a blend of polyvinyl chloride and polyvinyl acetate has varied considerably over the years. Virgin vinyl is preferred, but during the s energy crisisit became commonplace to use recycled vinyl. Sound quality suffered, with increased ticks, pops, and other surface noises.
Records in different novelty shapes have also been produced. Many critics have expressed skepticism regarding the cost and quality of HD records. The audio engineering software was created with mastering engineers Scott Hull and Darcy Proper, a four-time Grammy winner. The demonstration offered the first simulations of what HD Vinyl records are likely to sound like, ahead of actual HD vinyl physical record production.
Loibl discussed the Perfect Groove software at a presentation titled "Vinyl 4. Disc jockeys or DJs in clubs still frequently use vinyl records, as cueing tracks from cassette tapes is too slow and CDs did not allow creative playback options until The skill came in subtly matching LP) or instruments from one song to the next, providing a consistent dance tempo. DJs also made occasional announcements and chatted on the side with patrons while songs were playing to take requests, similar LP) what radio disc jockeys have been doing since the s.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Long playing. This article is about vinyl records. For music albums in general, see Album. For other uses, see Long Play disambiguation.
For the album by the Faces, see Long Player album. Analog sound storage medium, LP). This section has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
August Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. Standard Vinyl. Retrieved December 18, The Vitaphone Project.
Retrieved Retrieved August 12, The New York Times. September 18, Retrieved November 25, New York: Saturday Review Press, Scott, a Developer of the LP, Dies at 92". Retrieved October 8, Howard H. Scott, who was part of the team at Columbia Records that introduced the long-playing vinyl record in before going on to produce albums with the New York Philharmonic, Glenn Gould, Isaac Stern and many other giants of classical music, died on Sept. He was New York: Thunder's Mouth Press; p. Retrieved April 6, — via robertchristgau.
The UK album chart reaches its 1,th No Archived from the original on December 10, Retrieved December 31, Retrieved May 11, The Sound of Vinyl Blog. Audacity Forum. Archived from the original Forum Discussion on Retrieved 8 April New Scientist. Retrieved December 17, Retrieved May 1, April 26, Making Vinyl. April 4, Retrieved May 14, May 2, Physical audio recording formats.
Music box cylinder or disc 9th century Mechanical cuckoo early 17th century Punched card Music roll Phonautogram Tefiphon early s Teficord early s Tefifon Dictabelt Wire recording Magnetic stripe card Phonograph cylinder Phonograph record LP record production. Categories : in music in technology Album types Audio storage Audiovisual introductions in Products introduced in Recorded music. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references Articles that may contain original research from August All articles that may contain original research Articles with multiple maintenance issues Articles with unsourced statements from June Commons category link is on Wikidata.
Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. A inch LP vinyl record. Originally 23 minutes per side, later increased by several minutes, much longer possible with very low signal level.
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