As with the prior album, the band eschewed the use of guest musicians, with all music performed by band members Page guitarsPlant vocalsJohn Paul Jones bass, keyboardsand John Bonham drums. The range of instruments played by the band was greatly enhanced on this album, with Jones especially emerging as a talented multi-instrumentalist, Album), playing a wide range of keyboard and stringed instruments, including various synthesizersmandolin and double bassin addition to his usual bass guitar.
As with prior albums, Page served as producer on the album, with mixing done by Andy Johns and Terry Manning. The album was one of the most anticipated ofand its shipping date was held up by the intricate inner sleeve design based around a volvellewith numerous images visible through holes in the outer cover. It was an immediate commercial success upon release and topped the UK and US charts. Although critics were typically confused over the change in musical style and gave the album a mixed response, Led Zeppelin III has since been acknowledged as representing an important milestone in the band's history and a turning point in their music.
They were determined to have a proper break, having recorded most of Led Zeppelin II in various locations while on tour, financing the sessions with the album sales and tour receipts. Plant had spent holidays there with his family. This remote setting had no running water or electric power, which encouraged a slight change of musical direction for the band towards an emphasis on acoustic arrangements.
Plant also recalled the band were "obsessed with change" and enjoyed listening to John Fahey. Further sessions took place towards the end of the year, in between touring, before the decision was made to stop working and take a break at Bron-Yr-Aur.
The rural atmosphere gave a relaxed feel to the sessions, and the band found it to be a more enjoyable environment in which to develop songs than a studio in the city. Mixing took place at Ardent Studios, Memphisin Augustpartway through the group's sixth American concert tour. Manning had been to several Led Zeppelin shows, and this led to Page asking him to engineer the new album.
Led Zeppelin III marked a change in focus for the band, from late s hard rock to a psychedelic folk and acoustic sound. However, on this album, the group used more acoustic arrangements, and they would remain prominent to various degrees in the group's later releases.
It was released as Led Zeppelin - Led Zeppelin III (CD single in the US and became a top 20 hit. It was the opening song for the band's appearance at the Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music and at subsequent gigs for the next two years. It's a C [type] tuning, but not a [typical] C tuning. I made it up. Page played a variety of acoustic and electric guitars and banjo, while Jones played mandolin as well as bass. The track features pedal steel guitar as well as acoustic.
It was added to the group's live acoustic set in and performed regularly into the following year. It was then revived as a four-part harmony arrangement in It was written in Bron-Yr-Aur about the problems two people faced in a relationship and the clashes with their families. The song became a staple part of the group's acoustic set throughout the s and was played at the Bath Festival, where Led Zeppelin performed acoustically for the first time in the UK.
It was subsequently reworked as an acoustic number and featured Bonham playing spoons. The original LP credited the arrangement to "Charles Obscure", a band in-joke. Led Zeppelin III' s original vinyl edition was packaged in a gatefold sleeve with an innovative cover, designed by Zacrona multi-media artist whom Page had met in whilst Zacron was a student at Kingston College of Art.
Page asked him if he would help design a sleeve for the album and, on 24 JanuaryZacron met the band at their gig at his university and agreed to do the cover. That spring, he met the band members individually and took a series of photos of each of them, which would be put into a collage. The cover and interior gatefold art consisted of a surreal collection of seemingly random images on a white background, many of them connected thematically with flight or aviation.
Behind the front cover was a rotatable laminated card disc, or volvellecovered with more images, including photos of the band members, which showed through holes in the cover; moving an image into place Album) one hole would usually bring one or two others into place behind other holes.
Zacron chose the images because he wanted to "show them as the giant force they were in music". Zacron later said that, upon his completion of the artwork, Page telephoned him while he was in New York to express his satisfaction with the results, saying, "I think it is fantastic".
Led Zeppelin III was one of the most anticipated albums ofand advance orders in the US alone were close to the million mark. The volvelle-designed Led Zeppelin - Led Zeppelin III (CD held up production and caused a two-month delay. It immediately topped the British charts. Although the band's expanding musical boundaries were greeted warmly by some, detractors attacked the heavier tracks as being mindless noise. In a review for Rolling Stonecritic Lester Bangs praised "That's the Way" as "beautiful and genuinely moving", while characterising the band's heavier songs as crude and little differentiated from each other.
A positive review came from Robert Christgauwho originally assigned it an A-minus grade and wrote in his "Consumer Guide" review for The Village Voice : "I have always approved theoretically of Led Zep's concept, and now the group has finally whipped it into shape.
It's amazing to realize that Robert Plant's vocals can convey that same overbearing power when Page plays acoustic, as he does to great effect on several cuts here.
No drum solos, either. In the UK, it reached No. Despite mostly indifferent reviews and lower sales than Led Zeppelin's previous two albums, Led Zeppelin III' s reputation has recovered over time.
The RIAA certified the album 2 times platinum inand 6 times platinum in Along with the group's self-titled debut album and their second album, Led Zeppelin IIthe album was remastered and reissued on 2 June The LP versions replicate the original volvelle sleeve design.
The reissue was released with an inverted colour version of the original album's artwork as its bonus disc's cover. The reissue was met with widespread critical acclaim. At Metacriticwhich assigns a normalized rating out of to reviews from mainstream publications, the album received an average score of 98, based on 10 reviews. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Led Zeppelin. Jimmy Page Robert Plant.
John Paul Jones Page Plant. John Bonham Page Plant. Q Magazine Special Led Zeppelin edition : Trouser Press. Bad Times". Uncut : Atlantic Records. Melody Maker — via Rock's Backpages.
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